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"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy" SM
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CHP System Solutions
Cogeneration, District Energy
& Trigeneration Energy Systems
Management, District Energy,
Micro-Grid & Net Zero Energy Solutions
Produce the Clean Power & Energy Your Business Requires with a;
Cogeneration or Trigeneration energy system for a fuel cost of 4 cents/kWh
(with natural gas priced at $4.00/mmbtu)
What is a CHP System?
A CHP System - also known as a cogeneration plant, is the simultaneous production of power and thermal energy.
Stated another way, a CHP System integrates an onsite, "decentralized energy" (DE) or "dispersed generation" power and energy system with thermally-activated power and energy technologies such waste heat recovery and/or absorption chillers for heating and/or cooling applications.
Systems achieve these greater energy efficiencies
through the conversion of exhaust or reject heat from power generation into
needed energy services like cooling and heating of buildings as well as
campuses. This is called "Waste
Heat Recovery" or "Recycled
Energy." Development of "packaged" or
Systems for end-use applications, such as commercial and
institutional buildings, is something the founder of our company has been
involved with since the mid 1980's.
In the past, Cogeneration plants have been economically attractive only in sizes above several megawatts. The emergence of a number of small generation technologies, including fuel cells, advanced low emissions engines and gas turbines with outputs in the 1000 kW - 5000 kW range, should extend the benefits of CHP Systems to a much larger user base, with a consequent increase in national energy and environmental benefits.
For example, the application of CHP Systems (including Absorption Chillers - or - ADsorption Chillers) in commercial buildings could reduce commercial building energy consumption by 30%.
of such smaller-scale packaged CHP
Systems provides a major breakthrough in energy efficiency
technology, energy savings as well as reduced greenhouse
gas emissions. And, by locating
the power generation at or near the end-user/consumer, i.e. their facility,
building, or campus, the difficulties in siting and building new electric
transmission and electric distribution infrastructures to meet today's
increasing power demand are minimized.
There are numerous markets for Cogeneration / Trigeneration plants, CHP Systems, District Energy Systems for commercial or institutional buildings, government facilities, and district energy systems that distribute thermal energy to buildings in a college campus, hospital complex, industrial park, food processing operations, refrigerated warehouses, and also very attractive for cities.
Battery Energy Storage * Bidirectional Inverters * EcoGeneration * Energy Efficiency Measures
Energy Master Planning * Energy Storage * Flywheel Energy Storage * Frequency Regulation
Net Energy Metering * Net Zero Energy * Net Zero Energy Systems * Solar Trigeneration
"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy" sm
marketing [@] CHPsystem .com
"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy" sm
marketing [@] CHPsystem .com
Battery Energy Storage * Bulk Energy Storage * Clean Power Generation * Compressed Air Energy Storage
Cogeneration * Demand Side Management * Distributed Energy Resources * Dispatchable Wind * EcoGeneration
Emissions Abatement * Energy Master Planning * Frequency Regulation * Molten Salt Storage * Net Zero Energy
Peak Shifting * Power Purchase Agreements * Pumped Hydro Storage * Rooftop PV * Solar Cogeneration
Solar Thermal Systems * Solar Trigeneration * Trigeneration * Waste Heat Recovery
Clean Power Generation
Running on "green fuel" such as Biomethane, B100 Biodiesel, Synthesis Gas or natural gas, our CHP Systems are the greenest "clean power generation" systems available.
With Natural Gas at approximately $4.00/mmbtu, our Clean Power CHP Systems generate power for about $0.04 / kWh (fuel cost).
With operations & maintenance added, that's about 5.5 cents /kWh - or approximately 50% - 60% less than what most commercial customers are paying, on average, for their electricity.
CHP Systems (Cogeneration and Trigeneration) Plants
Have Very High Efficiencies, Low Fuel Costs & Low Emissions
The CHP System
below is rated at 900 kW with a
heat rate of 4100 btu/kW & system efficiency of 92%.
below features: (2) Natural Gas Engines @ 450 kW each
on one skid with optional Selective Catalytic Reduction system
which removes Nitrogen Oxides to "non-detect."
A CHP System may be the best solution for your company's economic and environmental sustainability as we "upgrade" natural gas to clean power with our clean power generation solutions. CHP Systems and Dispersed Generation power plants are an ideal solution for data centers, district energy systems electric utilities, electric co-ops, electrical sub-stations, energy service companies, food processing plants, hospitals, military bases and universities among many others.
High-efficiency CHP Systems eliminate blackouts, electric grid supply problems and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and hazardous air pollutants associated with electric power generation at central power plants. Our emissions abatement solutions reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) to "non-detect" and can be installed and operated in most EPA non-attainment regions!
What is "Cogeneration"?
Did you know that 10% of our nation's electricity now comes from "cogeneration" plants?
is so efficient, it saves its customers up to 40% on their energy expenses, and
provides even greater savings to our environment through significant reductions
in fuel usage and much lower greenhouse
Cogeneration - also known as “combined heat and power” (CHP), cogen, district energy, total energy, and combined cycle, is the simultaneous production of heat (usually in the form of hot water and/or steam) and power, utilizing one primary fuel such as natural gas, or a renewable fuel, such as Biomethane, B100 Biodiesel, or Synthesis Gas.
Cogeneration technology is not the latest industry buzz-word being touted as the solution to our nation's energy woes. Cogeneration is a proven technology that has been around for over 120 years!
Our nation's first commercial power plant was a cogeneration plant that was designed and built by Thomas Edison in 1882 in New York. Our nation's first commercial power plant was called the "Pearl Street Station."
What is "Trigeneration"?
Trigeneration is the simultaneous production of three forms of energy - typically, Cooling, Heating and Power - from only one fuel input. Put another way, our trigeneration power plants produce three different types of energy for the price of one.
Trigeneration energy systems can reach overall system efficiencies of 86% to 93%. Typical "central" power plants, that do not need the heat generated from the combustion and power generation process, are only about 33% efficient.
Trigeneration Diagram & Description
Trigeneration Power Plants' Have the Highest System Efficiencies and are
About 300 % More Efficient than Typical Central Power Plants
Trigeneration plants are installed at locations that can benefit from all three forms of energy. These types of installations that install trigeneration energy systems are called "onsite power generation" also referred to as "decentralized energy."
One of our company's principal's first experience with the design and development of a trigeneration power plant was the trigeneration power plant installation at Rice University in 1987 where our trigeneration development team started out by conducting a "cogeneration" feasibility study. The EPC contractor that Rice University selected installed the trigeneration power which included a 4.0 MW Ruston gas turbine power plant, along with waste heat recovery boilers and Absorption Chillers. A "waste heat recovery boiler" captures the heat from the exhaust of the gas turbine. From there, the recovered energy was converted to chilled water - originally from (3) Hitachi Absorption Chillers - 2 were rated at 1,000 tons each, and the third Hitachi Absorption Chiller was rated at 1,500 tons. The Hitachi Absorption Chillers were replaced shortly after their installation by the EPC company. The first trigeneration plant at Rice University was so successful, they added a second 5.0 MW trigeneration plant so today, Rice University is now generating about 9.0 MW of electricity, and also producing the cooling and heating the university needs from the trigeneration plant and circulating the trigeneration energy around its campus.
Trigeneration's "Super-Efficiency" compared
with other competing technologies
As you can see, there is No Competition for Trigeneration!
Our trigeneration power plants are the ideal onsite power and energy solution for customers that include: Data Centers, Hospitals, Universities, Airports, Central Plants, Colleges & Universities, Dairies, Server Farms, District Heating & Cooling Plants, Food Processing Plants, Golf/Country Clubs, Government Buildings, Grocery Stores, Hotels, Manufacturing Plants, Nursing Homes, Office Buildings / Campuses, Radio Stations, Refrigerated Warehouses, Resorts, Restaurants, Schools, Server Farms, Shopping Centers, Supermarkets, Television Stations, Theatres and Military Bases.
At about 86% to 93% net system efficiency, our trigeneration power plants are about 300% more efficient at providing energy than your current electric utility. That's because the typical electric utility's power plants are only about 33% efficient - they waste 2/3 of the fuel in generating electricity in the enormous amount of waste heat energy that they exhaust through their smokestacks.
Trigeneration is defined as the simultaneous production of three energies: Cooling, Heating and Power. Our trigeneration energy systems use the same amount of fuel in producing three energies that would normally only produce just one type of energy. This means our customers that have our trigeneration power plants have significantly lower energy expenses, and a lower carbon footprint.
Heat Recovery in Cogeneration
Trigeneration power and energy systems
In most cogeneration and trigeneration power and energy systems, the exhaust gas from the electric generation equipment is ducted to a heat exchanger to recover the thermal energy in the gas. These heat exchangers are air-to-water heat exchangers, where the exhaust gas flows over some form of tube and fin heat exchange surface and the heat from the exhaust gas is transferred to make hot water or steam. The hot water or steam is then used to provide hot water or steam heating and/or to operate thermally activated equipment, such as an absorption chiller for cooling or a desiccant dehumidifer for dehumidification.
Many of the waste heat recovery technologies used in building co/trigeneration systems require hot water, some at moderate pressures of 15 to 150 psig. In the cases where additional steam or pressurized hot water is needed, it may be necessary to provide supplemental heat to the exhaust gas with a duct burner.
In some applications air-to-air heat exchangers can be used. In other instances, if the emissions from the generation equipment are low enough, such as is with many of the microturbine technologies, the hot exhaust gases can be mixed with make-up air and vented directly into the heating system for building heating.
In the majority of installations, a flapper damper or "diverter" is employed to vary flow across the heat transfer surfaces of the heat exchanger to maintain a specific design temperature of the hot water or steam generation rate.
Waste Heat Recovery Installation
In some cogeneration and trigeneration designs, the exhaust gases can be used to activate a thermal wheel or a desiccant dehumidifier. Thermal wheels use the exhaust gas to heat a wheel with a medium that absorbs the heat and then transfers the heat when the wheel is rotated into the incoming airflow.
A professional engineer should be involved in designing and sizing of the Waste Heat Recovery section. For a proper and economical operation, the design of the heat recovery section involves consideration of many related factors, such as the thermal capacity of the exhaust gases, the exhaust flow rate, the sizing and type of heat exchanger, and the desired parameters over a various range of operating conditions of the cogeneration or trigeneration system — all of which need to be considered for proper and economical operation.
The Market and Potential for Waste Heat Recovery technologies and solutions
There are more than 500,000 smokestacks in the U.S. that are "wasting" heat, an untapped resource that can be converted to energy with Waste Heat Recovery technologies.
About 10% of these 500,000 smokestacks represent about 75% of the available wasted heat which has a stack gas exit temperature above 500 degrees F. which could generate approximately 50,000 megawatts of electricity annually and an annual market of over $75 billion in gross revenues before tax incentives and greenhouse gas emissions credits.
Waste Heat Recovery technologies represent the least cost solution which provides the greatest return on investment, than any other possible green energy technology or "carbon free energy" opportunity!
Decentralized Energy is the opposite of "centralized energy."
Decentralized Energy energy generates the power and energy that a residential, commercial or industrial customer needs, onsite. Examples of decentralized energy production are natural gas fueled CHP Systems, Rooftop PV and solar cogeneration energy systems.
Today's electric utility industry was "born" in the 1930's, when fossil fuel prices were cheap, and the cost of wheeling the electricity via transmission power lines, was also cheap. "Central" power plants could be located hundreds of miles from the load centers, or cities, where the electricity was needed. These extreme inefficiencies and cheap fossil fuel prices have added a considerable economic and environmental burden to the consumers and the planet.
Centralized energy is found in the form of electric utility companies that generate power from "central" power plants. Central power plants are highly inefficient, averaging only 33% net system efficiency. This means that the power coming to your home or business - including the line losses and transmission inefficiencies of moving the power - has lost 75% to as much as 80% energy it started with at the "central" power plant. These losses and inefficiencies translate into significantly increased energy expenses by the residential and commercial consumers.
Decentralized Energy is the Best Way to Generate Clean and Green Energy!
How we make and distribute electricity is changing!
The electric power generation, transmission and distribution system (the electric "grid") is changing and evolving from the electric grid of the 19th and 20th centuries, which was inefficient, highly-polluting, very expensive and “dumb.”
The "old" way of generating and distributing energy resembles this slide:
The electric grid of the 21st century (see slide below) will be Decentralized, Smart, Efficient and provide "carbon free energy" and "pollution free power” to customers who remain on the electric grid. Some customers will choose to dis-connect from the grid entirely. (Electric grid represented by the small light blue circles in the slide below.)
Typical "central" power plants and the electric utility companies that own them will either be shut-down, closed or go out of business due to one or more of the following: failed business model, inordinate expenses related to central power plants that are inefficient, excessive pollution/emissions, high costs, continued reliance on the use of fossil fuels to generate energy, and the failure to provide efficient, carbon free energy and pollution free power.
Carbon free energy and pollution free power can also reduce our dependence on foreign oil while making us "energy independent" and reducing or eliminating Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
* Some of the above information from the Department of Energy website with permission.
Potential Clients for CHP / Trigeneration Energy Systems:
Some of these services provided by third party companies or strategic partners. Companies and industries that would benefit from CHP Systems include;
* Central Plants
* City centers
* Colleges & Universities
* Company campuses
* Data Centers
* District Heating & Cooling
* Electric utilities
* Food Processing Plants
* Government Buildings and Facilities
* Grocery Stores
* Manufacturing Plants
* Military Bases
* Nursing Homes
* Office Buildings
* Refrigerated Warehouses
* Server Farms
* Shopping centers
Our company's founder has >25 years experience in the energy and utility industry with experience in; Biofuels, Business Development, CHP Systems, Cogeneration, Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, ESCO Services & Solutions, Management, Marketing, New Business Start-ups, Real Estate Development, Renewable Energy, Trigeneration and Environmental Compliance. He has developed, co-developed or invested in > 35 MW of CHP systems (operating in cogeneration or trigeneration mode) back-up power and demand side management solutions. His education includes a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and an MBA.
June 19, 2014
by Allyson Y. Schwartz
Power, Efficiency and Resiliency (POWER) Act
Washington, D.C - U.S. Representatives Allyson Y. Schwartz (PA-13), Chris Gibson (NY-19), Joseph Crowley (NY-14), Peter King (NY-2), and Richard Neal (MA-01) introduced the bipartisan Power, Efficiency and Resiliency (POWER) Act today. The legislation modifies tax incentives for two energy efficient technologies, combined heat and power (CHP) and waste heat to power (WHP).
CHP systems generate both electricity and heat from a single fuel source. According to a study from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, CHP could be used to produce up to 20 percent of U.S. electrical capacity by 2030. This level of deployment would generate $234 billion in new investment, create nearly one million new highly skilled jobs, dramatically reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions, and improve the competitiveness of U.S. manufacturing by reducing energy costs. Additionally, by generating power where it is used, CHP systems ensure that critical facilities-such as hospitals, police stations and water treatment plants-are able to continue operating when the electrical grid goes down.
WHP systems recover the waste heat produced by industrial processes and use it to generate electricity. An Environmental Protection Agency Study estimated that WHP could be used to produce 10 gigawatts of emissions free electricity (enough to power 10 million homes), reduce costs to industry by $3 billion, and create 160,000 jobs.
"The Power Act incentivizes investment in energy efficient systems that protect our environment, encourage economic growth, and ensure that hospitals and other critical facilities are able to continue operating in emergencies, even when the electric grid goes down" said Schwartz. "That is why this legislation has the support of Democrats and Republicans, as well as a diverse coalition of business, labor, energy and environmental organizations."
"This common-sense legislation will encourage investment in technologies that reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, put people to work, and make sustainable energy systems more accessible to consumers," said Congressman Chris Gibson. "These systems are especially important to hospitals and emergency services in rural areas, where there's a greater risk of power outages due to severe weather and limited infrastructure."
"In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, even those areas least affected by the storm lost power for over a week -- with the exception of homes and businesses powered by CHP systems, such as in Co-op City in the Bronx. But it's not only the reliability of CHP systems that makes them attractive, it is also the fact that there are significant environmental benefits as well," said Rep. Joe Crowley (D-Queens, the Bronx). "I'm proud to join my colleagues in introducing bipartisan legislation that will help to strengthen critical infrastructure and generate economic growth."
The POWER Act reduces the initial capital cost of deploying these energy efficient projects by providing CHP and WHP with tax incentives on par with those available for renewable energy. Specifically, the legislation:
1. Increases the investment tax credit (ITC) for combined heat and power from 10 percent to 30 percent
Increasing the credit to 30 percent will place CHP on par with other energy sources that benefit from the ITC, including solar and fuel cells.
2. Applies the ITC to waste heat to power
Waste heat to power systems are currently excluded from the ITC.
3. Applies the ITC to the first 25 megawatts (MW)Power Eff of CHP projects-up from 15 MW-and eliminates the 50 MW project size cap
Expanding the ITC will incentivize additional projects, increasing the impact of the ITC and resulting benefits
4. Extends the Investment Tax Credit for an additional two years, through 2018.
In order to be eligible for the ITC, projects must be operation before the credit expires-December 31, 2016 under current law. A two year extension will provide a reasonable time frame for equipment purchase, installation, and permitting.
The founder of the Renewable Energy Institute (REI) was first involved in Net Zero Energy buildings and Solar Trigeneration sm energy system in 2001 - 2002. This started with family-owned real estate developments in Northern and Southern California. This interest was accelerated when REI's founder was introduced to the President of a solar company in Los Angeles and their client, the Audubon Nature Center at Deb's Park (Los Angeles) that was planning to build a new 5,000 sf office and conference center. Except, the new building for the Audubon Nature Center was about 1/2 mile from the end of the power lines and a very costly extension of the power lines to their new facility forced them to consider a solar solution. When the Audubon Nature Center's new 5,000 sf office and conference center was completed in 2003, the facility not only featured the Solar Trigeneration sm energy system - they were awarded one of the first Platinum LEED Awards by the USGBC - and the powerlines were still 1/2 mile away! To this day, 100% of the power and energy for the Audubon Nature Center's building is supplied by the Solar Trigeneration sm energy system - whether at 12 noon, or 12 midnite. (The Audubon's facility also includes a battery energy storage system for back-up power generated by the Rooftop PV panels as well as a thermal energy storage system that stores the excess hot water generated by the evacuated tube collectors).
These early projects led to more client inquiries and engagements with real estate developers, architects and building owners in Southern California, Louisiana and Texas and the advent of a growing Net Zero Energy industry along with Solar Cogeneration sm & Solar Trigeneration sm energy systems. This culminated in a family-owned 200 (Net Zero Energy) home real estate development in Desert Hot Springs which has been approved but not yet constructed.
During this time, the REI's Founder became a volunteer and Advisor to the University of Texas' Solar Decathlon Competition. He coordinated the donation of the same solar thermal system used at the Audubon Nature Center's facility in Los Angeles, for UT's entry in the 2002 Solar Decathlon Competition in Washington, D.C. UT's entry in the Solar Decathlon Competition placed 1st in the domestic hot water competition that year (2002) and 4th overall, out of 20 universities that had entered.
In 2006, after Hurricane Kattrina devastated New Orleans, the REI was formed and several of the REI's board members and a Professor from the University of Texas School of Architecture formed a design team to enter the Brad Pitt/Global Green Rebuild New Orleans Competition. Our entry also focused on sustainable building solutions and materials as well as the Net Zero Energy concepts, incorporating once again, a Solar Trigeneration sm energy system.
Today, the REI "Flagship" has chartered the Renewable Energy Institute in Florida, with discussions to open REI state chapters in Arizona, California, Hawaii, Minnesota and Oregon.
The REI supports greater use of Net Zero Energy systems by architects, builders, homeowners and owners of commercial buildings. This includes "upgrading" homes and commercial buildings to Net Zero Energy. The REI provides Net Zero Energy; advertising, business development, conferences, e-commerce, education, marketing, online marketing, public relations, renewable energy, sales and strategic marketing solutions for architects, builders, cities, colleges, HVAC contractors, Net Zero Energy developers, real estate developers and universities.
Net Zero Energy Market to Become $1.3 Trillion/year Industry by 2035
Net Zero Energy Buildings Are Coming - What About The Buildings Already Standing?
"Changing the Way the World Makes and Uses Energy" SM
We deliver solutions:
That produce results:
Greater market share
Increased shareholder value
American Energy Plan
3-5 million new jobs
Fuel Savings of > $1.50/gallon
American Energy Independence
Ends the worst economic depression of all time
Of Plant - BOP
Of System - BOS
Solar Power - CSP
Support America's Domestic Oil and Gas
resources and companies
Engineering Procurement Construction - EPC
Engineering Design - FEED
Solar Power now "Cheaper than Coal!" sm
NO FOREIGN OIL!
Power Purchase Agreements - PPA
Renewable Energy Technologies
resources and companies!
Organic Compounds - VOC
support the Renewable
Energy Institute by donating a portion of our profits to the Renewable
Energy Institute in their efforts to reduce fossil fuel use by
transitioning to Renewable
Energy Technologies and reducing/eliminating Carbon
Dioxide Emissions and Greenhouse
The Renewable Energy Institute is "Changing The Way The World Makes and Uses Energy" SM by providing research & development, funding and resources that reduce the cost of Renewable Energy Technologies and making a faster transition to Carbon Free Energy, Clean Power Generation, & Pollution Free Power."
#CHPsystems #Cogeneration #Trigeneration
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